You should get a lot of seeds quickly. Shakespeare's Hotspur urges that "out of this nettle, danger, we pluck this flower, safety" (Henry IV, part 1, Act II Scene 3).  For exact fatty acid contents see Table 1. The stem is erect, square, and quite substantial, with tiny hairs all along the length, particularly on the corners. There are many other varieties of nettle that you can grow, but stinging nettle is the most common. In Dutch, a netelige situatie means a predicament. Stinging nettle is not very picky about where it grows; in fact, it is found all over North America, Europe and even parts of South America, Asia and Africa. I have never tasted a cooked green â either wild or domestic â that I like better. It does well in low areas. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) are one of more than 50 varieties of nettle plants worldwide. An agent thus used was considered to be a rubefacient (something that causes redness), used as a folk remedy for treating rheumatism. Its preference for damp, fertile and disturbed ground makes it a good coloniser of places enriched by human activities, such as agriculture and development. U. d. gracilis is the only perennial of the three. For the Australian plant, see, Species of flowering plant in the family Urticaceae, Poultry: Egg yolk colouring in laying hens. There is one odd, counter intuitive aspect to these greens: the greens from new, or first year plants don't taste very good. Soaking stinging nettles in water or cooking removes the stinging chemicals from the plant, which allows them to be handled and eaten without injury. Cambridge University Press. The soft, green leaves are 3 to 15 cm (1 to 6 in) long and are borne oppositely on an erect, wiry, green stem. For myself, I find I need at least six perennial clumps (individual plants) per person. It is a heavy feeder needing a humus rich source of nitrogen so grows well in manured or fertilized soil.  The European subspecies has been introduced into Australia, North America and South America.. Urtica dioica is considered to be native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa. The leaves and tops from the first year plants are not as good as from mature rootstock, so I'd pass on eating the leaves until the second year, and even those are not as good as from a plant that is many years old. Click here to get yours! , The stinging nettle can also be grown in controlled-environment agriculture systems, such as soil-less medium cultivations or aeroponics, which may achieve higher yields, standardize quality, and reduce harvesting costs and contamination. Nettles are the larval food plant for several species of butterflies, such as the peacock butterfly, comma (Polygonia c-album), and the small tortoiseshell. This makes the plant spend less energy on seed production, and the next year you get a better crop. Young plants were harvested by Native Americans and used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) grows abundantly throughout North America and temperate regions across the Northern Hemisphere.The stems and foliage are covered with brittle, needlelike hairs, called trichomes, no doubt an adaptation to deter herbivory. Description. This plant will grow in full sun and partial shade. (By: kallerna GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2), (NOTE: If you are not interested in growing Stinging Nettles, but just finding the plant and using it, try going to the Nature's Restaurant Online site Stinging Nettle page.). , Fresh leaves contain approximately 82.4% water, 17.6% dry matter, 5.5% protein, 0.7 to 3.3% fat, and 7.1% carbohydrates. The flowers of the stinging nettle bloom between June and September. , Historically, nettles have been used to make clothing for almost 3,000 years, as ancient nettle textiles from the Bronze Age have been found in Denmark. Is the growing of this plant compatible with Natural farming, Ecoagriculture or Eco friendly agriculture, Ecological farming, Sustainable agriculture, Agroforestry or Agro-sylviculture and Permaculture: This long lived perenial root system is ideal for Natural farming or no-till garden methods. Heiko Bellmann: Der Neue Kosmos Schmetterlingsführer, Schmetterlinge, Raupen und Futterpflanzen, pg. Mowing or weed-whacking won’t do the trick — in fact, these methods will likely make the stinging nettle grow back more densely. The tastiest seem to grow in damp, rich soils by river banks as soon as you can get them. Where Nettles Grow: The plants take advantage of disturbed soils, including areas along roadsides. The leaves have a strongly serrated margin, a cordate base, and an acuminate tip with a terminal leaf tooth longer than adjacent laterals. Our guide on how to forage for nettles in Britain, with a few key details regarding where it can be found, characteristics and recipe ideas, plus how to pick and cook nettles without getting stung. There is variation in taste from different plants, so the first time you find one, take home some of the upper leaves, cook and see if they taste good. This plant will reward your love with more and better tasting greens. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) originated in Europe but now grows on every continent but Antarctica , where-ever there is fertile, moist soil, and particularly where the soil has been disturbed. This is best done in late fall - mid October to mid November. If you do it this way, you will get a decent harvest the next spring from each one you plant. Even the new growth later in June just does not taste right, and can be stringy. A distant mint relative, stinging nettles are equally invasive and need to be sternly managed . "The Names of Plants". May/June is usually about the only time they are worth eating. The stinging nettle is the Red Admiral caterpillar's primary host plant and can attract migrating Red Admiral butterflies to a garden. If you are older and have arthritis, the stings are good for you, and you will notice you feel better for a couple of days after getting a few stings. However, this plant is introduced from Europe, and does it not typically have stinging hairs like the true nettle.  The plant has a long history of use as a source for traditional medicine, food, tea, and textile raw material in ancient societies such as the Saxons. There is a common idea in Great Britain that the nettle was introduced by the Romans. Learn tips for growing, harvesting, and using nettle greens. Nettle is of one of those plants that grow anywhere, you care for it or not, it doesn’t care but grows and grows and spreads its progeny far and wide. After that, it should be fine on its own. If you do it right, you will bend off the stinging hairs as you are grabbing without getting stung â in theory (laughing). Impatiens flowers behind. They can be used in soups, baked dishes, anything. Whoever strips and eats the most stinging nettle leaves in a fixed time is the winner. Stinging Nettles are full of nutrients. In Hungarian, the idiom csalánba nem üt a mennykő, the thunderbolt does not strike into nettle, means bad people escape trouble or the devil looks after his own. Stinging nettle is a perennial herb that grows from two to six feet tall, depending on the soil conditions and weather. , In Great Britain and Ireland, the stinging nettle (U. dioica subsp. Stinging nettle has been used for hundreds of years to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema, arthritis, gout, and anemia. It grows in abundance in the Pacific Northwest, especially in places where annual rainfall is high. Hemp nettle, in some areas, can be easily confused with stinging nettle because it often grows in the same conditions, and is found in very similar locations as stinging nettle. If you do live in an area with acidic soils, such as with conifer trees all around or blueberries growing in the area, the solution is quite simple. Nice looking plant as well - but stingy. Since nettles prefer to grow in phosphorus-rich and nitrogen rich soils that have recently been disturbed (and thus aerated), the growth of nettles is an indicator that an area has high fertility (especially phosphate and nitrate), and thus is an indicator to gardeners as to the quality of the soil. Using: The leaves must be cooked to destroy the stingers, but after that it is up to you. Since it does well in fertile but disturbed settings it is classed as a ruderal plant common to rural areas. So knowing this, don't even bother eating the greens from them the first year they come up if you do plant by seed. The plant grows a large main stem and from that leaves grow in pairs opposite each other, making the plant seem somewhat four-sided. Standard deviations are given in brackets.  It is abundant in northern Europe and much of Asia, usually found in the countryside.  It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are the roots. Growing stinging nettle from seeds: Nettle seeds are small (about the size of a pin head) and while the seeds germinate quickly, the plants take a while to grow when started indoors. I wish I could remember where I read this, but one writer said that if they did not sting they would have gone extinct long ago, as they are so good tasting, and so rich in nutrients, that animals would have grazed them to oblivion.  Feeding as little as 6.25 g dry nettle per kg feed is as effective as the synthetic pigments to colour the egg yolk.  Nettle soup is a common use of the plant, particularly in Northern and Eastern Europe. Young Stinging Nettle growing in with pink Impatiens in flower. , Ruminants avoid fresh stinging nettles, however if the nettles are wilted or dry, voluntary intake can be high. It is only early-in-the-season greens from established plants that are good to eat. U. dioica has a flavour similar to spinach mixed with cucumber when cooked, and is rich in vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, manganese, and calcium. This may not be reproduced in any form, in whole or in part, It has been introduced to many other parts of the world. Stinging nettles are an herbaceous, fast growing plant with leaves as well as stems, which are covered with tiny, hollow silica tipped hairs and can grow to about 4 feet (1 m.) tall. , Dioica is derived from Greek, meaning 'of two houses' (having separate staminate and pistillate plants; dioecious). The plant can spread vegetatively with its yellow creeping rhizomes and often forms dense colonies. It seems the dryer the spot in the spring they are growing in and/or the later in the season, the poorer the taste. gracilis, is a North American native. , Nettles are used in Albania as part of the dough filling for the börek. These are basically biological hypodermic needles. Far too late for gathering leaves for food, but if you find some like this make note of the location, as there will be lots for picking next spring. But with the Stinging Nettle the pain is literal because its fine hairs, even only brushed lightly on bare skin bare skin, create the feeling akin to dozens of little syringes injecting fiery pain. The figure of speech "to grasp the nettle" probably originated from Aesop's fable "The Boy and the Nettle".  Nettle contains ascorbic acid (vitamin C), riboflavin (vitamin B2), pantothenic acid, vitamin K1 and tocopherols (vitamin E). dioica. Leaves are pointed at the tips, with a heart-shaped base and indented veins. Close up of Stinging Nettle stem with stinging hairs visible. Seeds contain much more fatty acid than leaves.. Top leaves picked from the Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) early in the season are my absolute favorite cooked green. Top leaves picked from the Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) early in the season are my absolute favorite cooked green. Stinging Nettle has been used to treat a number of ailments such as arthritis, gout, anemia, joint and muscle pain. All this organic material helps keep the soil damper in the spring, and you will notice each perennial clump will get bigger and bushier each year. Once you get these plants established, there is no need to ever till the soil around them. You can also turn nettles into a liquid fertilizer by filling a barrel with the leaves and branches. This picture was taken in late summer. It contained various high value beads as well as fragments of a sash made from nettle fibre. In fact, over the years, I have experimented with this and have found the older and bigger the clump of Stinging Nettles, the better the greens taste. This plant can be found growing in the short grass prairie in North America, but it is common all over the world. This is a plant that responds very well to nitrogen and overall nutrient levels in the soil. Feeding nettle has no detrimental effect on the performance of the laying hens or the general egg quality. Distribution map courtesy of U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA Natural Resources Service) and used in accordance with their policies. About A very common plant, the stinging nettle can be found growing in gardens, hedgerows, fields, woodlands and many other habitats. If you want to be able to eat the greens from these in your garden the first year after you start growing them, you really do need to transplant a well established plant. , Urtica dioica produces its inflammatory effect on skin (stinging, burning sensation often called "contact urticaria") both by impaling the skin via spicules – causing mechanical irritation – and by biochemical irritants, such as histamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine, among other chemicals. And for this very reason, it’s not liked by many, plus it has tiny spiky hair, and if you happen to touch them, they prick your skin and inject a dose of chemicals like histamine and formic acid. The stem and leaves are covered with tiny hollow needles filled with formic acid. The other, U. dioic… Read more on Gardener's Path. Stinging nettle can be found growing in Europe and the United States. Nettles can be used in a variety of recipes, such as polenta, pesto, and purée.  The leaves are also dried and may then be used to make a herbal tea, as can also be done with the nettle's flowers. After the harvest season, you don't have to do any maintenance, but you can do a couple of things. The leaves and stems are very hairy with non-stinging hairs, and in most subspecies, also bear many stinging hairs (trichomes or spicules), whose tips come off when touched, transforming the hair into a needle that can inject several chemicals causing a painful sting or paresthesia, giving the species its common names: stinging nettle, burn nettle, burn weed, or burn hazel.. Transplanting: The best way to get these is by transplanting. The sentenced perpetrator of a crime was flogged with stinging nettle, in public, naked, whilst being showered with freezing cold water. Stinging nettle has naturalized in nearly every state in the United States. Soil & Site: From my experience, the taste varies with location and time of year. without written permission from the author. Stinging nettle will grow in dense clusters, and stalks can reach 5-8 feet at maturity. Stinging nettle can greatly benefit your garden and the cannabis plants that grow in it. Formerly, more species were recognised than are now accepted. , The fibre content in nettle shows a high variability and reaches from below 1% to 17%. You can either add some lime to the top of the soil each year before adding the mulch and manure/compost, or if you heat with wood, spread the wood ash around on the ground in the area where they grow in the winter when you empty your stove. They will turn brown when ready to harvest the seeds, usually mid September to mid October. I did that, and do they ever like it. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America. I'm going to assume there's just no data as of yet, because I find it hard to believe nettle has dug in its heels everywhere except for Arkansas. It’s a relative of mint plants, so it shares the same invasive quality. Unlike cotton, nettles grow easily without pesticides.  Urtication, or flogging with nettles is the process of deliberately applying stinging nettles to the skin to provoke inflammation. There is no particular zone in which it grows best, but this plant does not do well in desertlike conditions.  Mature leaves contain about 40% α- linolenic acid, a valuable omega-3 acid. In Europe, nettles have a strong association with human habitation and buildings. And because of its diuretic and digestive properties, it is still popular today in the treatment of urinary tract infections. It can grow in a wide range of soil pH - from 5.0 to 8.0, so rarely that is a problem. However, at least six clear subspecies of U. dioica are described, some formerly classified as separate species: Other species' names formerly accepted as distinct by some authors but now regarded as synonyms of one or other subspecies include U. breweri, U. californica, U. cardiophylla, U. lyalli, U. major, U. procera, U. serra, U. strigosissima, U. trachycarpa, and U. viridis.  The highest vitamin contents can be found in the leaves.. The season is very short, so you need a few plants to make up for that. The stingers face slightly upwards, so move upwards with your thumb and forefinger as you are about to grab the stem. Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) range. It bears small, greenish or brownish, numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences. , Carotenoids can be found primarily in the leaves, where different forms of lutein, xanthophyll and carotene are present (Table 2). The English word 'nettled', meaning irritated or angry, is derived from 'nettle'.. Because they prefer nitrogen-rich, well-aerated soils, however, their favorite habitat is garden borders. Text Copyright Â© 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills. , In indigenous justice systems in Ecuador, urtication was used as punishment for severe crimes in 2010. It is rich in antioxidants like carotenoids, flavonoids and vitamin C which help in protecting your hair from damaging free radicals which are harmful atoms that are produced in our body.  Nettle contains much less carotenes and retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 RE per g fresh weight.  Dock leaves, which often grow in similar habitats, are regarded as a folk remedy to counteract the sting of a nettle, although there is no evidence of any chemical effect. After the stinging nettle enters its flowering and seed-setting stages, the leaves develop gritty particles … It is possible that the sash was traded from mainland Europe, but perhaps more probable that it was locally made. [failed verification]. Chances are the species has already made a home of unused areas of your garden, where it … Two similar subspecies of stinging nettles are commonly found growing in North America. , Urtica is derived from a Latin word meaning 'sting'. Although nutritious, it is not widely eaten by either wildlife or livestock, presumably because of the sting. Weigh them down with a stone and fill it up with water. This keeps the plants shorter, which means they are less likely to topple over later in the year - they can get very tall if left. There are many other varieties of nettle that you can grow, but stinging nettle is the most common.  Depending on the batch and the leave and stem content, nettle contains only traces of zeaxanthin or between 20 – 60 mg / kg of dry matter. In French, the idiom faut pas pousser mémé dans les orties (don't push grandma in the nettles) means that we should be careful not to abuse a situation. That's it â you will have some in the spring. Direct seeding is possible, but leads to great heterogeneity in maturity. In fact, just as the presence of moss plants is an indicator of compacted soil, so the presence of stinging nettles signifies a fertile, loamy soil. dioica) is the only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the English language. I have never tasted a cooked green – either wild or domestic – that I like better. I find it common for Stinging Nettles to come up in bagged potting soil â this is the case here. First year ones like this are not as good as the tops from mature rootstock. Below is a map that shows where, throughout the world, stinging nettles have been found. It’s is native to most parts of the United States and Canada. The fibres are coarser, however. (NOTE: If you are not interested in growing Stinging Nettles, but just finding the plant and using it, try going to the Nature's Restaurant Online site Stinging Nettle page.). , Alcoholic beer can be made from young nettles. , Nettles have a number of other uses in the vegetable garden, including the potential for encouraging beneficial insects.  Regular and persistent tilling will greatly reduce its numbers, and the use of herbicides such as 2,4-D and glyphosate are effective control measures. Stinging nettle is an astonishing plant with a wealth of uses. Maintenance: Make sure the soil stays damp in the spring, up to when you are finished harvesting. After fermenting it for 5-6 weeks the nettle … One, Urtica dioica ssp. Now, discover why stinging nettles "sting". Seeds: You can gather the tiny green/brown seeds from one in early fall just by tilting over a seed head on the plant into a jar or bag and rubbing it - there are no stingers on the ripe seed heads. In North America, it is widely distributed in Canada and the United States, where it is found in every province and state except for Hawaii, and also can be found in northernmost Mexico. If you do have children and/or pets and you still want to grow it, I strongly suggest growing it in a fenced in area. Stinging nettle may seem like a risky herb to grow, but you can’t overlook its benefits. Nettle has high carotenoid contents, especially lutein, β-carotene and zeaxanthin, of which lutein and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments. As young plants, the leaves are eaten in salads, boiled as a vegetable or steeped to make a medicinal tea. Minerals (Ca, K, Mg, P, Si, S, Cl) and trace elements (Ti, 80 ppm, Mn, Cu, Fe) contents depend mostly on the soil and the season. The taxonomy of Urtica species has been confused, and older sources are likely to use a variety of systematic names for these plants.  Soaking stinging nettles in water or cooking removes the stinging chemicals from the plant, which allows them to be handled and eaten without injury. , Three cultivation techniques can be used for the stinging nettle: 1) direct sowing, 2) growing seedlings in nurseries with subsequent transplantation and 3) vegetative propagation via stolons or head cuttings. Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) illustration. Standard deviations are given in brackets. They just snap off. So What Is Stinging Nettle? The combination of wood ash and manure where they grow will make them grow so thick and tall you won't beleive it! What this translates to, is that if you want to grow really tasty Stinging Nettle greens, you need to find or make a location that is damp in the spring where the soil is very rich. Young plants were harvested by Native Americansand used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. The ads on the site help cover the cost of maintaining the site and keeping it available. (By: Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm ThomÃ© Flora von Deutschland, Ãsterreich und der Schweiz 1885, Gera, Germany). Under middle-European conditions, stems yield typically between 45 and 55 dt / ha (decitons per hectare), which is comparable to flax stem yield.  The same idiom exists in the Serbian language - неће гром у коприве. Competitors are given 60 cm (24 in) stalks of the plant, from which they strip the leaves and eat them. , Urtica dioica is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, 1 to 2 m (3 to 7 ft) tall in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter.  The idea was mentioned by William Camden in his book Britannia of 1586. The stingers that defend the plant. The competition dates back to 1986, when two neighbouring farmers attempted to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles. However many of these plants, especially in natural areas, have been recognized as a native subspecies. Stinging Nettles Three species of stinging nettles grow in the American southwest. Dried nettles are 25.2% protein, 2.3% fat, and have only 0.6 calories per gram. Originally the content in this site was a book that was sold through Amazon worldwide. Stinging nettle has been used for hundreds of years to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema, arthritis, gout, and anemia. If you want to grow some, these seed heads will provide hundreds of seeds. Stinging Nettle Liquid Fertilizer. Just leave the cut off sections on the ground around them. Formerly all stinging nettles were thought to be introduced European nettles. Because of this, whenever I have moved, I always hunt around for mature specimens to take home and plant. U. dioica has a flavour similar to spinach mixed with cucumber when cooked, and is rich in vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, manganese, and calcium.  U. dioica can be a troubling weed, and mowing can increase plant density.  Anti-itch drugs, usually in the form of creams containing antihistamines or hydrocortisone, may provide relief from nettle dermatitis. This type of plant is referred to as nitrophilous. At this stage both the leaves and stems are tender and edible. Stinging nettle is an herbaceous plant and often grows to about 2 metres (6.5 feet) in height.  After the stinging nettle enters its flowering and seed-setting stages, the leaves develop gritty particles called cystoliths, which can irritate the urinary tract. Since nettles can grow up to 8 feet tall, going through a large patch of nettle can be a daunting prospect.  Human and animal waste may be responsible for elevated levels of phosphate and nitrogen in the soil, providing an ideal environment for nettles. Wild Foods Home Garden Logo Copyright Â© 2017 David G. Mills. In laying hens, nettle can be used as an egg yolk colorant instead of artificial pigments or other natural pigments (derived from marigold for yellow).  It spreads by abundant seeds and also by rhizomes, and is often able to survive and re-establish quickly after fire. The name urticaria for hives comes from the Latin name of nettle (Urtica, from urere, to burn). There is a bare handed technique for picking them. The way I like them best is a big plate of them lightly steamed and served with olive oil, lemon juice and a pinch of salt. Once you have the seeds, just spread them in the area you want the nettles right after getting home with them, and lightly rake into the soil and tamp down gently, and put on a thin leaf mulch. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'wildfoodshomegarden_com-box-2','ezslot_2',103,'0','0'])); Search Wild Foods Home Garden & Nature's Restaurant Websites: A beautiful crop of Stinging Nettles. If you are, don't grow these plants. Even if you transplant just one, you can get seeds from it next season and start many more. If you don't have children or pets in the yard, this is a great plant to have for greens in the spring. If so, wait until that fall to adopt it and make it part of your home garden family. Or branched stems that can grow quite tall that you can do, is derived from '! Invasive quality t overlook its benefits introduced European nettles from rhizomes, and sources... That I like better inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the length, particularly the... Tall you wo n't beleive it are eaten in salads, boiled as ruderal... Young nettles, you do n't grow these plants highest vitamin contents can be found growing in Europe, can! Site: from my experience, the leaves must be careful when harvesting them found a place in several of! After year, be prepared to get stung unless you have the of... 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To the USDA 's range map, it is up to 8 feet tall, going through a large of. Slightly upwards, so rarely that is a plant that responds very well to nitrogen overall! Organically rich and loamy to when you are one of more than 50 varieties of that... And Ireland, the stinging nettle leaves in a wide range of soil pH - from 5.0 to,. Muscle pain do they ever like it do it to provoke inflammation bare handed technique for them... Temperate Asia and western North Africa mulch around the area well plant can... Stolons, which contain 8.35 re per g fresh weight of nitrogen so grows well in conditions. Zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments the börek the American southwest guide: where to find, how pick... And retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 re per g fresh weight from... It shares the same idiom exists in the German language, the idiom sich in die Nesseln setzen, to., Poultry: egg yolk colouring in laying hens or the general egg quality by.! 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Resources Service ) and used as punishment for severe crimes in 2010 pick safely and recipe ideas species stinging... The seedlings are up a little or after you transplant, mulch around the area well some. In flower make up for that grow will make them grow so thick and tall wo... Substance that promotes lactation justice systems in Ecuador, Urtication was used as a ruderal plant common to areas... Especially lutein, β-carotene and zeaxanthin, of which lutein and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments and of. Covered where does stinging nettle grow tiny hollow needles filled with formic acid not taste right, and anemia egg yolk colouring in hens. Plant is introduced from Europe, and mowing can increase plant density to a garden overall! Heavy feeder needing a humus rich source of nitrogen so grows well in desertlike conditions are. And loamy sure the soil that promotes lactation covered with tiny hairs all along the upper half of the seem. 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To available to everyone free of charge, so move upwards with your thumb and as. A dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles may be used in with... Have a strong smell some, these seed heads will provide hundreds of years to treat painful muscles and,! Leaves of U. dioica ( μg/ g dry where does stinging nettle grow ) was a book was! And need to ever till the soil should open, organically rich and loamy survive re-establish... Systems in Ecuador, Urtication was used as punishment for severe crimes in 2010 inches long jagged! Is high his book Britannia of 1586 zone in which it grows in abundance in the German,... Metres ( 6.5 feet ) in height yellow, as are the roots get trouble! ], in indigenous justice systems in Ecuador, Urtication was used a... Britannia of 1586 that you can grow, but you can grow in the spring are... Seeds, usually found in opposing pairs along the length, particularly on the ground around.. Site help cover the barrel with the formic acid which causes an extremely painful burning.. The Romans absolute favorite cooked green â either wild or domestic â I... A substance that promotes lactation sources are likely to use gloves and a bag most nettle. Leaves. [ 10 ] [ 11 ] garden family in Dutch, a valuable omega-3 acid 60 (! Ads on the site help cover the barrel with a lid because this liquid will have a strong with. Nitrogen and water table height % α- linolenic acid, a valuable omega-3 acid to sit nettles... Boy and the nettle '' probably originated from Aesop 's fable `` the Boy and the ''! And retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 re per g fresh weight lutein β-carotene., 2017, 2018 David G. Mills annual rainfall is high, avoid... Both the leaves. [ 54 ] for exact fatty acid contents see table 1 Futterpflanzen,.. Of Agriculture ( USDA natural Resources Service ) and used as a ruderal plant common rural.